China History Images

40+ Amazing Images of the Chinese Civil War (1946-1949) from the perspective of the Nationalist Kuomintang – Graphic Content

Chinese Civil War (1927-1950) – The Chinese Civil War was fought between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and the Nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) for legitimacy as the government of China.

Related: images of the Xinhai Revolution, Images of the Unit 731, Images of the Flying Tigers

The war began in April 1927 with the “Northern Expedition” (國民革命軍北伐) and mostly ended in 1950.

The Chinese Civil War was the third largest war in all of the time after World War II and World War I.

After Japan’s defeat in World War II, the war between the CCP and KMT started again in 1946.

The Nationalists (KMT) lose the war and escape to the island of Taiwan.

While CCP took control of most of China, they set up Taipei as the temporary capital of China (ROC).

About two million Chinese fled to Taiwan in late 1949.

The Communist Party of China (CCP) established Beijing as the capital of The People’s Republic of China (PRC).


In 1946, United Nations units arrived in Yunnan to distribute rice to the population affected by the famine.

February 1946, Shanghai. Chiang Kai-shek’s rally.

The Soviet occupation of Manchuria took place after the Red Army invaded the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo in August 1945 and would continue until the last of the Soviet forces left in May 1946. The Soviets began withdrawing from Manchuria within three weeks of Japan’s surrender. The resumption of the Chinese Civil War in early 1946 prompted the Red Army to finish the withdrawal.

March 11, 1946, Shenyang Railway Station after the withdrawal of the Soviets
On March 12, 1946, the National Army entered Shenyang. The picture shows the 13th guard in front of the headquarters.
In April 1946, Chinese military delegation to Japan.
May 29, 1946, Shenyang, “The supremacy of the nation” (“国家至上民族至上”)
In May 1946, Chongqing, women with the right to vote
August 13, 1946, famine in Hunan. UN worker helping a kid.
In November 1946, Nanjing, the representative of Tibet who participated in the Constitutional National Assembly
On December 31, 1946, Chiang Kai-shek signed a constitutional promulgation order in Nanjing
On December 31, 1946, Chiang Kai-shek signed a constitutional promulgation order in Nanjing, announcing its entry into constitutional government
1946. North China.
In 1946, Tianjin, a Chinese Orphan adopted by the United States Marine Corps.


Early 1947, Nanjing, main gate of Jinling University
a large-scale evacuation of the United States Marine Corps back to Beijing
1947, Tianjin Tanggu Port, the last batch of GIs who returned from Peking
In 1947, Qingdao, a large-scale evacuation of the United States Marine Corps.
In 1947, Shanghai, goods seized
January 19, 1947, Nanjing Road, Shanghai
May 1947. Protests at the Shanghai Jiaotong University


The current Constitution of the Republic of China came into effect on 25 December 1947, and the first Legislative session convened in Nanjing on 18 May 1948, with 760 members. In January 1948, the country’s 47 provinces, municipalities, 18 Mongolian Leagues, Tibetan area, domestic occupational groups, women’s organisations, and overseas Chinese regions, making up nearly 200 million voters voted for their legislators. Because of the Chinese Civil War, the elections could not be held in Communist controlled areas, the National Government, through the supplementary regulations, had the people living nearest to the areas elect representation for the areas.

In January 1948, China’s first legislator elected directly
In January 1948, farmers participated in the first direct election
In January 1948, voters participated in the first direct election
February 1948, Jiangxi Province, Construction of the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway
March 1948, Peiping, North China Refugees escaping from the war.
On May 20, 1948, Chiang Kai-shek took office as the first President of the Republic of China in Nanjing.
In May 1948, representatives from Shanghai and Taiwan Province attended the Seventh National Games.
Jiang Weiguo studied at a Nazi German military academy (Kriegsschule) in Munich, Nazi Germany and subsequently served as a soldier in the Nazi Wehrmacht in active combat duty until his return to the Republic of China (Taiwan) during the later years of World War 2 when he was promoted to general of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Army.

Jiang Weiguo (Chiang Wei-kuo, 蒋纬国, October 6, 1916 – September 22, 1997) was an adopted son of Chiang Kai-shek and adoptive brother of the later President Chiang Ching-kuo. During the Chinese Civil War, Jiang employed tactics he had learned whilst studying in the German Wehrmacht. He was in charge of a M4 Sherman tank battalion during the Huaihai Campaign against Mao Zedong’s troops, scoring some early victories. He retreated from Shanghai to Taiwan and moved his tank regiment to Taiwan. [wikipedia]

1948, Jiang Weiguo’s armored troops.
In 1948, the national army stationed on Hainan Island
December 1948. the national army headed to the front line of Suzhou and met the wounded soldiers of the retreat.
December 1948, Nanjing, United States Embassy guarded by the Marine Corps


April 1949, Zhenjiang. Civilians building fortifications.
April 1949, Zhenjiang, a street blockhouse
1949, the frontline of the National Army

Li Zongren was a prominent Guangxi warlord and Kuomintang (KMT) military commander during the Northern Expedition, Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War.

He Yingqin (何应钦, April 2, 1890 – October 21, 1987) was one of the most senior generals of the Kuomintang (KMT) during Republican China, and a close ally of Chiang Kai-shek.

Li Zongren, Bai Chongxi, He Yingqin

Bai Chongxi (18 March 1893 – 1 December 1966; 白崇禧) was a Chinese general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China (ROC) and a prominent Chinese Nationalist leader of Hui ethnicity and of Muslim faith.

Yan Xishan (8 October 1883 – 22 July 1960) was a warlord who served in the government of the Republic of China. After the Second World War, Yan’s forces (including thousands of former Japanese troops) held out against the Communists during the Chinese Civil War for four years. They held out until April 1949, after the Nationalist government had lost control of northern China, allowing the PLA to encircle and besiege his forces. The area surrounding the provincial capital of Taiyuan was the longest to resist Communist control.

Yan Xishan focused his efforts on attempting to promote greater cooperation between Li Zongren and Chiang Kai-shek. Li eventually attempted to form a government, including both Chiang’s supporters and critics, with Yan as premier. Despite Yan’s efforts, Chiang refused to allow Li access to more than a fraction of the wealth that Chiang had sent to Taiwan, and officers loyal to Chiang refused to follow Li’s orders, frustrating efforts to coordinate Nationalist defenses and to stabilize the currency. By late 1949 the Nationalists’ position had become desperate. [wikipedia]

June 1949, Guangzhou. Yan Xishan took office as executive president and defense minister.
1949. Refugees eating on the roadside.
1949. Shanghai, black market speculators executed
April 1949, Shanghai North Station. Fugitives on a train to Hangzhou
April 24, 1949, Shanghai, fugitive students from the north
Chongqing, the last group of American missionaries who entered China in 1949
In October 1949, the Chinese Communist Army entered Guangzhou.
On November 2, 1949, on the border between the Mainland and Hong Kong, refugees queued to obtain a permit to enter Hong Kong.
November 2, 1949, Chinese refugees crossing the bridge to enter Hong Kong.
On November 2, 1949, refugees fleeing the Mainland from temporary shelters in Hong Kong.
In December 1949, Li Zongren (李宗仁) settled in the United States as the representative of the Nationalist Party. The picture shows his arriving in the United States.


In February 1955, the national army evacuated from Dachen Island

Sources: Wikipedia , Blog.Sina

Topic: old photographs of China, China old photos, images of old China, China war images, Taiwan old photos,old photographs archive,China old photos,Chinese old photos,old china historic photographs,old photographs of china,kuomintang images,Chinese civil war photos

Matteo Damiani

CHINA-UNDERGROUND. Matteo Damiani is an Italian sinologist, photographer, author and motion designer. Matteo lived and worked for ten years in China. Founder of and

View Comments

Recent Posts

Ancient Chinese Astronomy: History, Myths & Facts

From Xiu to Dragons: Understanding Chinese Constellations. Ancient Chinese astronomy reflects a deep-rooted interest in…

3 days ago

China’s “996” Work Culture: Impacts and Implications

Balancing Ambition and Well-being: A Look at the "996" Phenomenon. The "996" work culture (九九六工作制)…

6 days ago

Hong Kong’s Quest for Gender Equality: TWF’s #BreakZeroSum Campaign 2023

Gender Equality is a Win-win. The Women's Foundation (TWF) launched the #BreakZeroSum video campaign aimed…

1 week ago

Journey to Wang Tong: Larry Feign’s Enigmatic Village Tales

The Village At The Center of the World: Larry Feign's Vivid Visual Chronicles Acclaimed writer…

1 week ago

Tokyo Experiences the Charm of Sichuan Baijiu and Culinary Wonders

The Fusion of Flavors: Sichuan Meets Tokyo. The flavors and traditions of China's premier liquor…

2 weeks ago

“Moonlight Sculptor: Dark Gamer” Debuts Across Asian Markets Today

XLGAMES Reveals Newest Game: "Moonlight Sculptor: Dark Gamer". Leading gaming corporation, XLGAMES, Inc., helmed by…

2 weeks ago