The Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命, Xīnhài gémìng) or 1911 revolution was a nationwide rebellion against the Qing dynasty, China’s last imperial dynasty.

The uprising established the Republic of China (R.O.C.).

The revolution was named Xinhai (Hsin-hai) because it occurred in 1911, the year of the Xinhai (辛亥, metal pig) stem-branch in the sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar.

The revolution consisted of many revolts and uprisings.

The turning point was the Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911, which was the result of the mishandling of the Railway Protection Movement.

The revolution arose mainly in response to the decline of the Qing state, which had proven ineffective in its efforts to modernize China and confront foreign aggression.

Japanese warprints

xinhai-revolution-images
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: a battle near Hankow, from the Imperial side.
xinhai revolution images
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: a battle outside Hankow.
xinhai-revolution print
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: a pitched battle between the imperial army (left) and the revolutionary army (right). 1911. By T. Miyano
Battle-between-the-imperial-and-the-revolutionary-army
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: a pitched battle between the imperial army (left) and the revolutionary army (right), outside the walls of a fortified city. 1911. T.Miyano.
Battle-outside-Hankow
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: a battle outside Hankow.
Revolutionary army ambushes part of the imperial army
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the revolutionary army, on a hill (left), ambushes part of the imperial army (right) as the latter approaches a city flying the republican flag. 1911. T. Miyano
The-march-of-the-revolutionary-army-on-Wuhan
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the march of the revolutionary army on Wuhan with two portraits of revolutionary leaders in roundels at top; the right one resembles Sun Yat Sen. 1911. T. Miyano
The revolutionary army entering Nanking
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the revolutionary army entering Nanking. 1911. T. Miyano
Battle-for-Nanking
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the battle for Nanking. 1911. T. Miyano
Battle at the fall of Nanking
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the battle at the fall of Nanking. 1911. T. Miyano
Battle at Hankow
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the battle at Hankow. 1911. T. Miyano
Battle at Cho-Yan-Men, Nanking
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the battle at Cho-Yan-Men, Nanking.
Battle at the Ta-ping gate at Nanking
An episode in the revolutionary war in China, 1911: the battle at the Ta-ping gate at Nanking.

 

Xinhai Revolution
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). Tuan-Fang, Viceroy of Nankin. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Xinhai-revolution-chinese-soldiers
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). Chinese soldiers, 1911. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Wan-Ring-Chung
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). Wan-Ring-Chung, vice-director of the Foreign Affairs. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Xinhai-Revolution
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). Western people on the ramparts of Hankou, at the outbreak of the revolution. China, 1911. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). Chinese refugees at the German fort of Beijing (China).
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). Chinese refugees at the German fort of Beijing (China). MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). General Sen-Kun-Pao.
Xinhai Revolution (or Revolution of 1911). General Sen-Kun-Pao. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)

 

Italian sailors. Beijing (China), 1911.
Italian sailors. Beijing (China), 1911. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Italian sailors. Beijing (China), 1911.
Italian sailors. Beijing (China), 1911. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
Russian sailors. Beijing (China), 1911.
Russian sailors. Beijing (China), 1911. MAURICE-LOUIS BRANGER (1874-1950)
1911 Fukien Military Government
Fukien Military Government in Foochow, 1911
Chinese-republic-forever
A poster that commemorates the permanent President of the Republic of China Yuan Shikai and the provisional President of the Republic Sun Yat-sen. “Chinese Republic forever” is an unconventional English translation of “Long Live the Republic of China.” Picture scanned from a 小草藝術學院 post card found in Taiwan.
Republic of China Flags
A rare image of the three flags of the Republic of China together. At center, the first national flag, at left the army flag, and at right the Sun Yat Sen flag. Underneath the picture is the slogan “Long live the republic!” (共和萬歲, in traditional right-to-left single-character column order).
Nanjing Road during Xinhai Revolution
Nanjing Road during Xinhai Revolution

Source: wellcome images , europeana, Parisienne de Photographie , wikipedia , wikicommons

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