The Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命, Xīnhài gémìng) or 1911 revolution was a nationwide rebellion against the Qing dynasty, China’s last imperial dynasty.
The uprising established the Republic of China (R.O.C.).
The revolution was named Xinhai (Hsin-hai) because it occurred in 1911, the year of the Xinhai (辛亥, metal pig) stem-branch in the sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar.
The revolution consisted of many revolts and uprisings.
The turning point was the Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911, which was the result of the mishandling of the Railway Protection Movement.
The revolution arose mainly in response to the decline of the Qing state, which had proven ineffective in its efforts to modernize China and confront foreign aggression.
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