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China’s Worlwide Reach: China’s Global Investments down in 2018

China’s global investments. Despite the ambitious Silk Road project, Chinese infrastructure investments abroad in 2018 fell by $ 100 billion, according to data provided by the American Enterprise Institute’s China Global Investment Tracker.

  • Chinese global investment fell sharply in 2018. The decline was evident in state-owned enterprises. These companies have also reduced the number of projects in which they are involved.
  • The number of countries in the Belt and Road initiative is increasing, but activity levels per country are flat.

Tops recipient of Chinese Investment, 2005-2018 ($ Billion)

  1. United States 179.9
  2. Australia 94,5
  3. United Kingdom 80,8
  4. Switzerland 60,9
  5. Brazil 57,0
  6. Canada 53,6
  7. Germany 41,2
  8. Singapore 33,0
  9. Russia 29,2
  10. France 25,5

Top Countries for Chinese Construction Activity, 2005-2018 ($ Billion)

  1. Pakistan 40,6
  2. Nigeria 36,4
  3. Saudi Arabia 30,5
  4. Indonesia 27,7
  5. Malaysia 25,7
  6. Algeria 23,0
  7. Ethiopia 22,5
  8. Iran 21,6
  9. Bangladesh 21,3

China’s Worlwide Reach (combined investments and structural projects) by region

  • Europe 385,1
  • North America (Canada+Messico) 69,8
  • United States 182,6
  • West Asia 275,1
  • East Asia 266,4
  • South America 169,4
  • Subsaharian Africa 299,1
  • Middle East and North Africa (182,2)
  • Australia 111,6

Sector Patterns, 2005-2018 ($ Billion)

SectorInvestimentConstructionTroubled
Energy and Power
365.0329.2135.6
Transport113.4249.948.7
Metals139.935.676.0
Real Estate99.683.518.9
Finance82.442.8
Agriculture82.017.611.0
Technology60.116.128.5
Tourism40.28.87.4
Entertainment46.52.51.6
Logistics32.85.11.8
Health17.33.40.4
Other58.750.97.8
Total1,137.9802.6381.0

Most Troublesome Countries

The United States has already blocked the way for a number of technological sectors, now more than ever.

Australia is certainly more welcoming than the United States from this point of view, but it is wary of China’s greater size, Germany and Iran appear in the ranking for older issues, while Russia and Nigeria had  seen recent setbacks.

Middle East and North Africa

All regions of the world have seen a decrease in Chinese investments in 2018, except for one, namely the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

In the last three years, a series of projects in this region has effectively made this area a key partner at the geo-political level.

In 2018 alone, investments in the area have grown so much that it has quickly transformed the region as the second destination for investments Chinese, after Europe, with an investment of 28.11 billion dollars.

 

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Almost three quarters of the total investments in the region were destined for Egypt, the UAE and Saudi Arabia.

These three countries are also part of the “20 billion group” or a group of states with more than 20 billion Chinese investments since 2005.

The region, it goes without saying, acquires strategic importance due to oil drilling, with the ‘exception of Egypt.

Among the projects in Egypt, the two governments are planning to build a new capital next to Cairo, where 5 million people should live, not without problems, and projects related to the Suez Canal, which has already attracted strong Russian investments.

A new hub for Chinese goods will also be built in the port of Jebel Ali in Dubai, with a $ 3.4 billion project.

Other major trade hubs for China in the region are Israel (12 ,19 billion dollars) and Qatar (7.27 billion dollars), according to data analyzed by the American Enterprise Institute’s China Global Investment Tracker.

 


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