The world-famous Shennongjia National Nature Reserve (神农架国家自然保护区) includes 2618 square kilometres of forest and has high plant diversity, due to a variety of natural conditions.
Shennongjia Forestry District, Hubei, lies within the Daba Mountains ecoregion. The three tallest peaks, not far from the main tourist center, Muyu Town, are Shennong Deng (3,105 metres), Da Shennongjia (3,052 m) and Xiao Shennongjia (3005 m). Shennongjia is an ideal place for ecological research on biodiversity. There are 2,062 species of plants and 336 of terrestrial vertebrate including 40 species of endangered animals.