Nanjing , situated in the heartland of the Yangtze River Delta, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of province, People’s Republic of China and the second largest city in the east China region, with a total population of 8,230,000.
Nanjing has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having served as the capitals of various Chinese dynasties, kingdoms and republican governments dating from the 3rd century AD to 1949. Although as a city located in southern part of China becoming Chinese national capital as early as in Jin dynasty, the name Nanjing was designated to the city in Ming dynasty, about a thousand years later. Nanjing is particularly known as Jinling or Ginling (金陵, literally “Gold Mountain”) and the old name has been used since the Warring States Period in Zhou Dynasty.
Located in Yangtze River Delta area and the center of east China, Nanjing is home to one of the world’s largest inland ports. Nanjing is also one of the fifteen sub-provincial cities in the People’s Republic of China’s administrative structure, enjoying jurisdictional and economic autonomy only slightly less than that of a province. Nanjing, one of the nation’s most important cities for over a thousand years, is recognized as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, and had been the world’s largest city aggregately for hundreds of years, enjoyed peace and prosperity and suffering wars and disasters.
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