In the 80's China was experiencing a period of transition: the tragedies of the Cultural Revolution, the Gang of Four who plagued the country, the death of Mao, the economic and social reforms of Deng Xiaoping.
At the same time, in this decade, Beijing began slowly to open the country. The directors of the fifth generation like Zhang Yimou and Chen Kaige emerged, but at that time they depicted the recent past rather than the present, which instead will be told later by the Sixth generation directors as Jia Zhangke in Zhantai (Platform). Illegal pop music cassette from Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japan started to pop up around the country influencing the young generations.
Images of China in the 1980s
via 32 splendide foto che rivelano la vita vera dei cinesi negli anni '80 source tieba.baidu