Republic of China Novelists

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Pages: 34. Chapters: Ba Jin, Bo Yang, Chen Jingrong, Chen Yingzhen, Chiung Yao, Chu Hsi-ning, Duanmu Hongliang, Eileen Chang, Hualing Nieh Engle, Jiang Gui, Lao She, Lin Yutang, Lu Xun, Mao Dun, Nelson Ikon Wu, Qian Zhongshu, Shen Congwen, Wang Dulu, Wang Shiwei, Wolong Sheng, Xiao Hong, Ye Shengtao, Zhang Henshui, Zhang Tianyi (writer), Zhang Yingtai, Zhang Ziping. Excerpt: Lu Xun (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: L Xun) or Lu Hsun (Wade-Giles), was the pen name of Zhou Shuren (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: Zh u Shuren; Wade-Giles: Chou Shu-jen) (September 25, 1881 - October 19, 1936), one of the major Chinese writers of the 20th century. Considered by many to be the leading figure of modern Chinese literature, he wrote in baihua ( ) (the vernacular) as well as classical Chinese. Lu Xun was a fiction writer, editor, translator, critic, essayist and poet. In the 1930s he became the titular head of the Chinese League of the Left-Wing Writers in Shanghai. Lu Xun's works exerted a very substantial influence after the May Fourth Movement to such a point that he was highly acclaimed by the Communist regime after 1949. Mao Zedong himself was a lifelong admirer of Lu Xun's works. Though sympathetic to the ideals of the Left, Lu Xun never actually joined the Chinese Communist Party. Like many leaders of the May Fourth Movement, he was primarily a liberal. Lu Xun's works became known to English readers through numerous translations, beginning in 1960 with Selected Stories of Lu Hsun translated by Yang Hsien-yi and Gladys Yang. More recently, in 2009, Penguin Classics published a complete anthology of his fiction titled The Real Story of Ah-Q and Other Tales of China: The Complete Fiction of Lu Xun which the scholar Jeffrey Wasserstrom said "could be considered the most significant...