In ancient China, chastity was considered a virtue very important.
Chinese ancient society was based on a patriarchal model and men could have three or four concubines; wives had to remain faithful to the husband even in mourning. Adulterous woman, in some cases and the man "who led in temptation", were persecuted and tortured publicly. Even women subjected to rape were found guilty and were therefore doomed to a series of punishments. During the Ming Dynasty the "guilty" of the crime of rape was considered a social evil, deserving of physical pain and guilty of having stained the spirit of disgrace. The men convicted of rape could also be sentenced to death. In the Qing Dynasty frivolous and flirty women risked torture.
Techniques used were numerous: some women had their eyes removed from orbital sockets and every single drop of blood pouring from the socket was then collected. Others were tied to stakes and after being spanked, were carried around to suffer public humiliation and some were simultaneously hanged, beheaded, mutilated and eviscerated; others were flogged or beheaded; some couples were burned, buried or given as food to tigers, those who had been pregnant from their lover were tied up and then were deprived of the child by cutting the belly. Some men were cut in two, others became the target of countless arrows, some were tied and thrown off a cliff, or dragged from the carts in the dust.